When it comes to learning," Gladwell said, "what you get is a simple function of what you put in. That is the beautiful and powerful idea behind learning... Sometimes the struggle to learn something is where the actual learning lies."
He also contrasted two learning strategies: capitalization, or leveraging your strengths; and compensation, or focusing your effort on weaknesses. Gladwell contends we spend too much time capitalizing when we'd find much more success by compensating.